How to Write a Pros Cons Essay: Step-by-Step Guide and Tips

How to Write a Pros Cons Essay: Step-by-Step Guide and Tips

When it comes to writing essays, there are many different topics that you can choose from. Some may be more universal, such as the negative effects of video games or the benefits of manual labor. Others may be more specific, like the pros and cons of trading on TikTok or the controversial issue of legalized prostitution. Regardless of the topic you choose, it’s important to look at both sides of the argument and give a fair and balanced view of the pros and cons.

Writing a pros and cons essay can be a great way to practice your English skills and develop your ability to analyze and present arguments. This type of essay format is also commonly used in debates, as it allows you to show both sides of the argument and make a well-rounded case for your own point of view. Whether you’re writing an essay for a class assignment or just for fun, following a step-by-step guide can help you structure your thoughts and present your ideas in a clear and organized manner.

So, how do you write a pros and cons essay? Well, the first thing you’ll need to do is choose a topic. This can be anything from a hot-button issue like the electoral college or the healthcare bill, to something more light-hearted like the pros and cons of bottled water or the latest Pok√©mon game. Once you’ve chosen your topic, the next step is to brainstorm and come up with a list of pros and cons. You should aim to have at least three to four points for each side of the argument.

Once you’ve completed your essay, it’s important to proofread and edit it for any grammatical or spelling errors. You should also consider the overall structure and flow of your essay to ensure that it is clear and concise. By following these steps and tips, you’ll be on your way to writing a strong and well-structured pros and cons essay.

Choose a good topic

1. Brainstorm topics

Start by brainstorming a list of potential topics. Think about issues that are currently relevant or controversial. For example, you could consider topics like the use of TikTok among teenagers, the legalization of prostitution, or the impact of video games on children’s health.

2. Research the pros and cons

Once you have a list of potential topics, conduct some research to gather information on the pros and cons of each topic. Look for reliable sources such as academic journals, government resources, or reputable news outlets.

3. Consider your own interests and knowledge

4. Look for a balance

Make sure the topic offers a fair balance between the pros and cons. If one side has overwhelming evidence or is much stronger than the other, it won’t make for a compelling and balanced essay. Choose a topic where both sides have valid arguments that can be debated.

5. Consider the scope

Consider the scope of the topic and your essay. Make sure the topic is not too broad or too narrow. If it’s too broad, you might end up with a lengthy essay that lacks focus. If it’s too narrow, you might struggle to find enough information and evidence to support your arguments.

Brainstorm as many negative and positive qualities of your topic

To brainstorm effectively, consider the following steps:

  1. Choose a topic: Select a topic that you would like to write your pros and cons essay on. It can be anything from the traditional English curriculum in schools to the pros and cons of trading on TikTok.
  2. Research your topic: Gather resources and do thorough research on your chosen topic. Look for different sources of information, such as articles, books, manuals, or scholarly research papers, to gather as much information as possible.
  3. Isolate the positive and negative qualities: Once you have collected enough information, divide them into positive and negative qualities. For example, if you are writing about the pros and cons of electoral voting, some positive qualities could be the democratic process it represents, while negative qualities might include the potential for corruption and voter fraud.
  4. Consider different perspectives: Think about how different groups or individuals might view the topic. Consider the viewpoint of the government, the general public, or specific interest groups. This will help you consider a well-rounded approach to your pros and cons essay.
  5. Brainstorm ideas: Take a few minutes to brainstorm all the positive and negative qualities you can think of for your chosen topic. Write down whatever comes to mind without judging or editing your ideas.
  6. Organize your ideas: Once you have completed your brainstorming, organize your ideas into categories or themes. This will help you structure your essay and ensure that you include all important points.
  7. Proofreading and revisions: After completing your pros and cons essay, make sure to proofread it carefully. Check for any grammatical or spelling errors, and make revisions as needed to improve the clarity and flow of your arguments.
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By following these steps, you will have a solid foundation for writing a well-structured pros and cons essay that considers both the positive and negative aspects of your chosen topic.

Isolate three or four qualities

First, choose a topic that can be easily divided into different sides or perspectives. For example, if you are writing about the pros and cons of online trading, you can isolate qualities such as convenience, accessibility, risk, and market volatility. By focusing on these qualities, you can provide a comprehensive analysis of the topic.

Next, brainstorm the positive and negative aspects associated with each quality. For instance, when considering convenience in online trading, you may highlight the fact that it allows for quick and easy transactions. On the other hand, you may also mention that it can lead to impulsive decision-making or fraudulent activities.

Within each body paragraph, use clear and concise language to present the pros and cons. Provide examples or evidence to support your points and ensure a logical flow of ideas. It is important to consider both the positive and negative aspects of each quality, making your argument fair and well-rounded.

Don’t forget to consider resources such as research articles, textbooks, or manuals to support your arguments. These sources can provide additional evidence or expert opinions to strengthen your points.


Firstly, researching allows you to identify the various pros and cons associated with the topic. By conducting research, you can explore different perspectives and understand the complexities of the issue. For example, if you are writing an essay on the pros and cons of government intervention in the economy, your research might reveal that some people believe it helps in stabilizing the market, while others argue that it stifles innovation.

Moreover, research allows you to consider different viewpoints and avoid bias. It helps you develop a balanced perspective by considering both the positive and negative aspects of the topic. For instance, if you are writing an essay on the pros and cons of online learning, your research might reveal that while it offers flexibility and accessibility, it may also lead to less interaction and engagement compared to traditional classroom settings.

It is also important to note that research helps you brainstorm ideas and organize your thoughts. By gathering information from various sources, you can identify key points and examples that can be included in your essay. This will make it easier to write structured paragraphs and present a coherent argument.

Choosing Reliable Sources

When conducting research for your pros and cons essay, it is important to choose reliable sources. Here are some tips to help you identify credible information:

  1. Look for peer-reviewed articles, scholarly journals, or academic publications. These sources undergo a rigorous review process and are considered more reliable.
  2. Consider government reports or studies conducted by reputable institutions. These often provide unbiased and well-researched information.
  3. Use reputable news outlets or media organizations that adhere to journalistic standards. Avoid relying on tabloids or sources with a history of spreading misinformation.
  4. Check the credentials of the author or the organization behind the source. Look for individuals or institutions with expertise in the field.
  5. Consider the date of publication. Ensure that the information is up-to-date and relevant to your essay.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your research is based on reliable and trustworthy sources.

Pros of Research Cons of Research
Helps gather evidence to support arguments Can be time-consuming
Allows for a balanced perspective May encounter conflicting information
Helps brainstorm ideas and organize thoughts Requires critical evaluation of sources

An Example of How to Write a Pro Con Essay

“Prostitution is a contentious topic that has been debated for many years. While some argue that prostitution should be legalized due to its economic benefits and support for personal freedom, others believe that it should remain illegal due to ethical concerns and the potential for exploitation. In this essay, we will explore the pros and cons of legalizing prostitution to provide a comprehensive understanding of this issue.”


  1. Economic Benefits: Prostitution can contribute to the economy by generating tax revenue and creating job opportunities for sex workers.
  2. Personal Freedom: Legalizing prostitution can empower adults to make choices about their own bodies and engage in consensual activities without fear of criminalization.
  3. Harm Reduction: A regulated and legalized prostitution industry can help ensure the safety and health of sex workers by providing access to healthcare services and reducing violence.
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In each paragraph, provide a clear topic sentence that introduces the main point of the paragraph and then support it with evidence, examples, and research. Make sure to use appropriate citations and reliable sources.


After discussing the pros, you will move on to explore the cons of legalizing prostitution. Here are three cons to consider:

  1. Ethical Concerns: Many individuals and societies view prostitution as morally wrong, as it involves the commodification of the human body and can perpetuate gender inequality.
  2. Exploitation: Legalizing prostitution may not eliminate exploitation within the industry, and vulnerable individuals may still be subjected to coercion, abuse, and trafficking.
  3. Health Risks: Even with regulations in place, there are inherent health risks associated with prostitution, such as the spread of sexually transmitted infections and the potential misuse of resources.

Again, provide clear topic sentences for each paragraph and support them with evidence and examples.

In the concluding paragraph, wrap up the main points you have made and state your final view on the topic. It is important to acknowledge the complexity of the issue and highlight the importance of ongoing research and debate. For example:

Remember to proofread and revise your completed essay for clarity, coherence, and grammar. Use resources such as style manuals and online tools to help with your proofreading process.

My English Corner

Since its establishment in June, My English Corner has been a hub for English enthusiasts to share their knowledge and help each other grow. From grammar and vocabulary to essay writing and proofreading techniques, we cover a wide array of topics to cater to everyone’s needs.

One of the main features of My English Corner is the step-by-step guide on how to write a pros and cons essay, such as the one you’re reading now. This format is commonly used to present both sides of an argument, allowing readers to form their own opinion. It is particularly useful when discussing controversial issues like prostitution or electoral systems.

When writing a pros and cons essay, it’s important to choose a topic that sparks a debate and has valid arguments on both sides. For example, you could examine the pros and cons of government intervention in trading or the pros and cons of using TikTok.

Once you’ve chosen a topic, the next step is to brainstorm the pros and cons of the issue. In this format, it’s essential to present at least three points on each side, ensuring a fair representation of the topic. For instance, if you were discussing the pros and cons of trading, you might consider factors such as economic growth, job creation, and fair market practices as pros, while debt, conflict, and limited resources could be considered cons.

One of the key qualities of a well-written pros and cons essay is the ability to show a balanced view. This means giving equal weight to both sides and presenting the arguments objectively. It’s important to use reliable sources and avoid personal biases in order to maintain the essay’s credibility.

So, if you’re looking to improve your English skills, expand your knowledge, and engage in meaningful discussions, My English Corner is the perfect place for you. Join us today and be a part of this vibrant community!

Pros Cons
1. Improved writing skills 1. Language barrier for non-native speakers
2. Wide range of resources 2. Time-consuming
3. Supportive community 3. Limited availability of certain topics
4. Opportunities for learning and growth 4. Conflicting opinions
5. Discussion on controversial issues 5. Cultural differences leading to misunderstandings


What is a pros and cons essay?

A pros and cons essay is a type of argumentative essay where the writer presents the advantages and disadvantages of a given topic or issue. It aims to provide a balanced view and allow readers to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the subject.

How do I choose a good topic for a pros and cons essay?

When choosing a topic for a pros and cons essay, consider selecting a subject that is controversial or can be debated from different perspectives. It should be a topic that has enough pros and cons to ensure a thorough discussion.

What is the format for writing a pros and cons essay?

A pros and cons essay should follow a traditional essay format, including an introduction, body paragraphs that present the pros and cons, and a conclusion. Each paragraph should focus on either the positive or negative aspects of the topic.

How can I brainstorm ideas for the pros and cons of my topic?

To brainstorm ideas for the pros and cons of your topic, make a list of all the positive qualities and advantages associated with it, as well as the negative qualities and disadvantages. Consider different perspectives and gather as many points as possible.

What is the importance of research in a pros and cons essay?

Research is essential in a pros and cons essay as it provides evidence and supporting information for each point. It helps to strengthen the arguments and make the essay more credible. Ensure to use reliable sources and cite them properly.

What is a pros and cons essay?

A pros and cons essay is a type of argumentative essay where you discuss the positive and negative aspects of a particular topic or issue.

Alex Koliada, PhD

By Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for studying aging, genetics, and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics. His scientific research has been published in the most reputable international magazines. Alex holds a BA in English and Comparative Literature from the University of Southern California, and a TEFL certification from The Boston Language Institute.