Avoid These Common Essay Writing Mistakes for Better Results

Avoid These Common Essay Writing Mistakes for Better Results

When it comes to crafting an essay, the proper usage of grammar and clear communication are essential. However, many writers make some common mistakes that can ruin the effect of their work. In this article, we will discuss some of the top mistakes to avoid in order to stay on point and achieve better results in your essay writing.

One of the most commonly made mistakes is poor sentence structure. Using run-on sentences or interrupters without proper punctuation can make your essay hard-to-read and unclear. To avoid this, it’s important to use proper punctuation and transitions to connect your thoughts and make your writing flow smoothly.

Another mistake to avoid is repeating facts or information without adding any new insights. Repeating the same point over and over again can make your essay redundant and boring. Instead, focus on including new and relevant information that supports your thesis and presents a clearer picture.

Procrastination is another common pitfall that many students fall into. Waiting until the last minute to start writing can lead to rushed and poorly constructed essays. To avoid this, it’s important to start early and give yourself plenty of time to research, plan, and revise your essay. This way, you can ensure that your essay is well-crafted and properly structured.

Using generic or unclear titles is also a mistake that you should avoid. The title of your essay should accurately reflect the central point or purpose of your writing. A clear and specific title will help your readers understand what to expect from your essay, and will also help you stay focused and on track while writing.

Lastly, plagiarism is a mistake that should be avoided at all costs. Using someone else’s work without giving proper credit is not only unethical but can also have serious consequences for your grades and academic future. Be sure to properly cite any sources you use in your essay and avoid copying someone else’s work.


1. Know When to Capitalize

One common mistake is neglecting to capitalize proper nouns and the first word of a sentence. Proper nouns include names of people, places, organizations, and specific titles. Always remember to capitalize the first word of each sentence as well.

2. Be Consistent in Capitalizing Headings

When formatting your essay, it’s important to be consistent in capitalizing headings and subheadings. If you choose to capitalize the first letter of each word in one heading, make sure to do the same for all headings throughout the essay.

3. Avoid Capitalization Errors in Quoting

When quoting someone, it’s important to properly capitalize their words and any other necessary changes. However, be careful not to change or capitalize letters incorrectly in the process. Always proofread and revise your quotes to ensure accuracy.

4. Watch Out for Run-On Sentences

Run-on sentences can be a result of neglecting proper capitalization. When separating ideas or thoughts within your essay, make sure to start a new sentence with a capital letter. This helps maintain clarity and organization in your writing.

5. Beware of Compound Words and Interrupters

To ensure the best result, focus on proper capitalization when writing your essays. Grammarly and other online tools can help you identify capitalization mistakes. By avoiding these common mistakes and staying consistent in your capitalization, you can create a well-written and polished academic essay.


– CollegeVines: “10 College Essay Mistakes You Must Avoid”

Punctuation and Grammar

  1. Run-on sentences: A run-on sentence occurs when two or more independent clauses are joined together without the correct punctuation or conjunction. This can make your writing difficult to follow. Make sure to use proper punctuation and conjunctions to connect your thoughts.
  2. Comma splicing: Comma splicing happens when a comma is used to connect two independent clauses without a coordinating conjunction. This can disrupt the flow of your writing. Instead, use a semicolon or period to separate the clauses, or add a coordinating conjunction.
  3. Misuse of pronouns: Using pronouns incorrectly can lead to confusion. Make sure to use pronouns that match the subjects they’re referring to and maintain consistent usage throughout your essay.
  4. Lack of subject-verb agreement: This occurs when the subject and verb in a sentence don’t agree in number (singular or plural). Always double-check your subject-verb agreement to ensure your writing is grammatically correct.
  5. Incorrect capitalization: Using incorrect capitalization can affect the tone and readability of your essay. Always capitalize proper nouns, the first word of a sentence, and titles. Be consistent with your capitalization throughout your essay.
  6. Repetitive words and phrases: Using the same words and phrases repeatedly can make your writing sound monotonous. Vary your vocabulary and sentence structure to keep your essay engaging and interesting.
  7. Inconsistent modifiers: Modifiers should be placed next to the words they’re modifying to ensure clarity. Avoid placing modifiers too far away from the words they describe.
  8. Incorrect citation format: Improperly citing sources can lead to plagiarism and academic misconduct. Always use the correct citation format for your essay, whether it’s APA, MLA, or another style specified by your instructor.
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Learning to identify and correct these punctuation and grammar mistakes is essential for crafting well-written essays. Remember to proofread your work carefully and don’t be afraid to ask for help or use online resources such as CollegeVine’s essay editing services. Taking the time to address these common mistakes will improve the quality of your essays and help you achieve better grades.

Lack of Clarity

  • Unclear thesis statement: Your thesis statement should clearly state the purpose of your essay and guide your reader on what to expect. Make sure it is concise and specific, avoiding vague or generic language.
  • Wordy and repetitive sentences: Stay focused on your main points and avoid using unnecessary words or repeating the same information. Be concise and to the point.
  • Unclear transitions: Transitions are important as they help connect and organize your ideas. Properly use transitional words, such as “however,” “therefore,” and “in addition,” to ensure a smooth flow between paragraphs and ideas.
  • Lack of clarity in topic sentences: Each paragraph should have a clear topic sentence that tells the reader what that paragraph will be about. Avoid vague or overly general topic sentences.
  • Fragmented sentences: Make sure your sentences are complete and properly structured. Avoid sentence fragments, which occur when a group of words does not form a complete thought.
  • Overuse of modifiers: While modifiers can be useful, too many of them can create confusion and affect the clarity of your writing. Use modifiers sparingly and make sure they are necessary.
  • Spelling and grammar mistakes: Pay attention to your spelling and grammar, as errors can obscure your ideas and make your writing hard to understand. Use spell checkers and proofread your work carefully.
  • Lack of subject-verb agreement: Make sure your subjects and verbs agree in number. Plural subjects should have plural verbs, and singular subjects should have singular verbs.
  • Improper use of pronouns: Use pronouns correctly and make sure they clearly refer to the proper antecedent. Avoid using pronouns without a clear reference.
  • Incorrect use of commas: Use commas correctly to separate ideas and phrases in your sentences. Improper comma usage can make your writing confusing and affect clarity.
  • Plagiarism: Make sure to properly cite any sources you use in your essay. Plagiarism can have serious consequences and can undermine the clarity and integrity of your work.

By avoiding these common mistakes and focusing on clarity in your writing, you can improve the quality of your essays and ensure that your ideas are effectively communicated to your readers. Take the time to craft clear, concise, and well-organized essays, and you will see better results in your academic endeavors.

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Lack of Structure

2. Lack of Organization

Another aspect of structure is organizing your thoughts and ideas in a logical manner. Each paragraph should focus on a specific idea or point, and there should be a clear progression from one paragraph to the next. Using transitional words and phrases can help to make these connections clearer.

3. Run-on Sentences and Sentence Fragments

Avoiding run-on sentences and sentence fragments is essential for maintaining a clear and coherent structure. A run-on sentence occurs when two or more independent clauses are improperly joined together without appropriate punctuation or conjunctions.

On the other hand, sentence fragments occur when a group of words appear to be a sentence but lack a subject or a predicate. These issues can make your essay difficult to read and understand, so it’s important to be mindful of their presence and correct them accordingly.

4. Splicing Commas

Misusing commas can also affect the structure of your essay. Comma splicing occurs when a comma is used to join two independent clauses without a coordinating conjunction or appropriate punctuation. This can lead to confusion and disrupt the flow of your writing.

5. Formatting and Grammar Errors

Finally, neglecting proper formatting and grammar can negatively impact the structure of your essay. Misspelled words, missing punctuation, and incorrect grammar can distract the reader and diminish the credibility of your claims.

Implementing tools such as Grammarly can be helpful in identifying and correcting these errors, but it’s also essential to proofread your work manually to ensure the highest level of accuracy.

Failure to Revise and Edit

Next, check your grammar, punctuation, and usage. It’s easy to make typos or have misspelled words in your essay, so take the time to proofread carefully. Also, be aware of common grammar and usage errors such as run-on sentences, incorrect verb forms, and pronouns without clear antecedents. Grammarly, a popular online tool, can be helpful for identifying and correcting these mistakes.

Another important aspect of revision is checking your sources and citations. Make sure you have properly cited all the evidence you used to support your claims and that your sources are reliable and credible. Avoiding plagiarism is crucial, so be careful when quoting or paraphrasing someone else’s work and make sure to give credit where it is due.

Formatting is another area that often gets overlooked during the revision process. Check the formatting of your essay to ensure it follows the proper style and guidelines. Pay attention to details such as the title, headings, subheadings, and the use of italics or quotes. Make sure your essay is properly formatted according to the required citation style, whether it is MLA, APA, or Chicago.

Lastly, don’t forget to proofread for any small errors or typos that may have been missed in previous rounds of editing. Read your essay carefully, sentence by sentence, to make sure it makes sense and is free from any grammatical or spelling mistakes. Having someone else read your essay can also be helpful in identifying any errors or areas that need improvement.


What is comma splicing in essay writing?

Comma splicing refers to the incorrect use of a comma to join two independent clauses without a conjunction or appropriate punctuation. It is a common mistake that can make an essay confusing to read.

How can I avoid comma splicing in my essays?

To avoid comma splicing, you should use a coordinating conjunction (such as “and,” “but,” or “or”) to join two independent clauses, or you can use a semicolon (;) to separate them. Additionally, you can rephrase the sentence or use a subordinating conjunction to make one clause dependent on the other.

What are some examples of comma splicing?

An example of comma splicing is: “I went to the store, I bought some groceries.” This sentence should either be divided into two separate sentences or joined with a coordinating conjunction, like: “I went to the store and bought some groceries.”

Why is comma splicing considered a mistake in essay writing?

Comma splicing is considered a mistake in essay writing because it creates run-on sentences and can confuse the reader. It is important to have clear and concise sentences in an essay to effectively convey your ideas.

What other common essay writing mistakes should I avoid?

Some other common essay writing mistakes to avoid include using passive voice, not citing sources properly, lack of organization, poor grammar and spelling, and using informal language. It is important to thoroughly proofread and edit your essay to ensure it is error-free and effectively communicates your message.

What is comma splicing?

Comma splicing is a common grammar mistake where a comma is incorrectly used to connect two independent clauses without a coordinating conjunction or a proper punctuation mark. This results in a run-on sentence and can make the writing unclear and confusing.

Alex Koliada, PhD

By Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for studying aging, genetics, and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics. His scientific research has been published in the most reputable international magazines. Alex holds a BA in English and Comparative Literature from the University of Southern California, and a TEFL certification from The Boston Language Institute.